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Abstract

A model of a stage-V monkey Sertoli cell was reconstructed from electron micrographs taken of semiserial sections. The configuration (type-B) was one in which spermatids were positioned near the lumen, their heads occupying shallow cylindrical recesses at the apical portion of the Sertoli cell. The cell volume was calculated to be 4,100 μm3, the surface area 2,400.68 μm2, and the surface-to-volume ratio 0.58:1. The reconstructed cell extended from the basal lamina to the tubular lumen and was generally of the tall columnar type although its surface contour was highly irregular. The dimensions of the cell [centripetal (68.46 μm), circumferential (18.40 μm), and longitudinal (21.63 μm)] were determined and cell surfaces designated. Relative and absolute surface areas of the reconstructed cell which faced other Sertoli cells, germ cells, basal lamina, and tubular lumen were calculated. Junctions and surface specializations were enumerated, catalogued, and depicted on diagrams of the cell surface. Where appropriate, type-A rat and type-B monkey Sertoli cells were compared and discussed. Morphometry was utilized to analyze the relative surface areas of germ cells adjoining the reconstructed cell to determine the percentage of their surface facing cellular and acellular elements, and these data were compared to data obtained for the rat.