The diameter of collagen fibrils was measured in different regions of the antimesometrial endometrium of mice on days 5, 6, and 7 of pregnancy as well as in the endometrium of virgin mice. The average diameter of fibrils of virgin mice was 39.18 nm (range: 20–80). In the region of fully decidualized cells, the averages and ranges were 45.32 nm (30–170), 89.39 nm (30–270), and 125.88 nm (20–370), respectively, on days 5, 6, and 7 of pregnancy. Thick fibrils larger than 70 nm had irregular profiles. Our results show that the increase in diameter is associated with the decidualization of the mouse endometrium.