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Keywords:

  • aggressive T-cell LGL leukemia;
  • diagnosis;
  • therapy

Abstract

The majority of patients with T-cell large granular lymphocyte (LGL) leukemia will have an indolent clinical course. Herein, we report a case of an aggressive T-cell LGL leukemia in a previously healthy 42-year-old Caucasian male who presented with acute onset of B-symptoms, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphocytosis, moderate anemia, and thrombocytopenia. Immunophenotypically, the malignant cells co-expressed CD3+CD8+CD56+ markers and the T-cell receptor beta (TCR β) gene demonstrated clonal rearrangement. The patient was treated with an intensive chemotherapeutic regimen (hyper-CVAD) and he achieved a complete remission. A systematic review of all available English literature revealed 12 well-described cases of aggressive T-cell LGL leukemia suggesting that this variant is a new and distinct entity in the spectrum of LGL disorders. Am. J. Hematol., 2007. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.