Conflict of interest: Nothing to report.
Predicted costs of iron-chelators in myelodysplastic syndromes: A 10-year analysis based on actual prevalence and red cell transfusion rates†
Version of Record online: 26 APR 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Hematology
Volume 86, Issue 5, pages 406–410, May 2011
How to Cite
Durairaj, S., Chew, S., Hyslop, A., Keenan, N., Groves, M. J. and Tauro, S. (2011), Predicted costs of iron-chelators in myelodysplastic syndromes: A 10-year analysis based on actual prevalence and red cell transfusion rates. Am. J. Hematol., 86: 406–410. doi: 10.1002/ajh.22001
- Issue online: 26 APR 2011
- Version of Record online: 26 APR 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 8 FEB 2011 03:25PM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Received: 21 JAN 2011
Consideration of iron-chelation (IC) in transfusion-dependent patients is recommended in most clinical-practice guidelines on myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The financial impact of IC on health-care systems is predicted through economic modeling, but an analysis based on actual prevalence is lacking. Here, we have investigated the potential drug-costs and need for IC in a cohort of 189 United Kingdom-based MDS patients diagnosed from 2000 to 2010. Patients with low or intermediate-1 IPSS scores were identified as eligible for IC if ≥24 red cell units (RCU) had been transfused over 12 consecutive months or the transfusion-intensity averaged ≥2 RCU per month. Drug-costs were calculated from the time patients qualified for IC until death or last follow-up. In 159 patients with low/intermediate-1 MDS, survival was superior with a low IPSS score (P = 0.014), age <70 years (P = 0.043), transfusion-independence at diagnosis (P = 0.0056) and transfusion-intensity of <2 RCU per month (P = 0.009). Reflecting the time elapsed since diagnosis, longer survival was observed with a cumulative red cell load of ≥75 U (P = 0.046). By logistic-regression analysis, transfusion-intensity independently predicted survival (P = 0.0035) in low and intermediate-1 risk MDS patients. Forty-one patients fulfilled criteria for consideration of IC. Of these, 6 patients died within 1 month; 35 patients survived for a median of 16 months (range 1–61). Had patients commenced IC, the anticipated drug-costs alone would have been ∼$526,880–$2,064,800 over 10 years. The lack of association between cumulative transfusion-load and survival calls for a prospective evaluation of the cost-utility of IC in patients surviving long-term, to enable evidence-based recommendations in MDS management. Am. J. Hematol.86:406–410, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.