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Keywords:

  • plasminogen activity and antigen;
  • tPA antigen;
  • hypoplasminogenemia;
  • urokinase;
  • fibrin formation

Abstract

Plasminogen activity and antigen, tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) activity and antigen, plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) activity, and plasmin generation rates were determined in 32 normal newborn plasmas and 25 normal adult plasmas. The newborns showed reduced levels of plasminogen activity and antigen and tPA antigen, and activity, normal levels of PAI activity, and slower plasmin generation rates. The slower generation was shown to be due to the hypoplasminogenemia. The in vitro plasmin generation studies also showed that the newborn needed 11 times the usual concentration of urokinase and 5 times the usual concentration of tPA to achieve the minimal activation rate of the adult.