A sample of 113 boys and 101 girls of the Caracas Mixed-Longitudinal Study was grouped into early, average, and late maturers according to selected cut-off points of the 10th and 90th centiles for age at peak height velocity (APHV). Individual curves were fitted with the cubic spline function, in which height velocity corresponds to the first derivative. Age at menarche (AM) was estimated by recall in a longitudinal context. Differences between groups were assessed with F and t-tests. Girls were approximately 2 years earlier than boys in APHV and thus significantly shorter; their estimated PHV was also significantly lower. APHV in boys and girls occurred 0.4–0.6 years earlier than in European children, which is consistent with a faster tempo of growth of Venezuelan youth. The three maturity groups differed significantly in timing, stature, and AM. Early maturers were taller than average maturers, and the latter were taller than late maturers with maximal differences between the extreme groups at ages 13–14 in boys and 11–12 in girls. Early maturers grew at a faster rate than average maturers, and the latter grew at a faster rate than late maturers up to 13 years in boys and 10–11 years in girls. Despite difficulties encountered in the analysis of mixed-linked longitudinal data, meaningful growth differences were found between maturity groups of urban Venezuelan children. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.