Original Research Article
Growth perturbations in a phenotype with rapid fetal growth preceding preterm labor and term birth
Article first published online: 19 MAR 2009
Copyright © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Human Biology
Volume 21, Issue 6, pages 782–792, November/December 2009
How to Cite
Lampl, M., Kusanovic, J. P., Erez, O., Gotsch, F., Espinoza, J., Goncalves, L., Lee, W., Gomez, R., Nien, J. K., Frongillo, E. A. and Romero, R. (2009), Growth perturbations in a phenotype with rapid fetal growth preceding preterm labor and term birth. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 21: 782–792. doi: 10.1002/ajhb.20880
- Issue published online: 9 OCT 2009
- Article first published online: 19 MAR 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 DEC 2008
- Manuscript Received: 30 SEP 2008
- Intramural Program of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, DHHS
The variability in fetal growth rates and gestation duration in humans is not well understood. Of interest are women presenting with an episode of preterm labor and subsequently delivering a term neonate, who is small relative to peers of similar gestational age. To further understand these relationships, fetal growth patterns predating an episode of preterm labor were investigated. Retrospective analysis of fetal biometry assessed by serial ultrasound in a prospectively studied sample of pregnancies in Santiago, Chile, tested the hypothesis that fetal growth patterns among uncomplicated pregnancies (n = 3,706) and those with an episode of preterm labor followed by term delivery (n = 184) were identical across the time intervals 16–22 weeks, 22–28 weeks, and 28–34 weeks in a multilevel mixed-effects regression. The hypothesis was not supported. Fetal weight growth rate was faster from 16 weeks among pregnancies with an episode of preterm labor (P < 0.05), declined across midgestation (22–28 weeks, P < 0.05), and rebounded between 28 and 34 weeks (P = 0.06). This was associated with perturbations in abdominal circumference growth and proportionately larger biparietal diameter from 22 gestational weeks (P = 0.03), greater femur (P = 0.01), biparietal diameter (P = 0.001) and head circumference (P = 0.02) dimensions relative to abdominal circumference across midgestation (22–28 weeks), followed by proportionately smaller femur diaphyseal length (P = 0.02) and biparietal diameter (P = 0.03) subsequently. A distinctive rapid growth phenotype characterized fetal growth preceding an episode of preterm labor among this sample of term-delivered neonates. Perturbations in abdominal circumference growth and patterns of proportionality suggest an altered growth strategy pre-dating the preterm labor episode. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2009. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.