Original Research Article
Breastfeeding and later psychosocial development in the Philippines
Version of Record online: 18 AUG 2010
Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Human Biology
Volume 22, Issue 6, pages 725–730, November/December 2010
How to Cite
Duazo, P., Avila, J. and Kuzawa, C. W. (2010), Breastfeeding and later psychosocial development in the Philippines. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 22: 725–730. doi: 10.1002/ajhb.21073
- Issue online: 16 OCT 2010
- Version of Record online: 18 AUG 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 APR 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 16 APR 2010
- Manuscript Received: 19 JAN 2010
- FIRCA. Grant Number: R03-HD051555-01-A1
- National Institutes of Health/Fogarty International Center, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). Grant Number: RO1-TW05604-01.
Objectives: Evaluate whether breastfeeding (BF) duration predicts later psychosocial development (PD) in a large low socioeconomic status (SES) sample in the Philippines.
Methods: The sample consists of 2,752 children aged 5–6 years who were measured in 2004 as part of the Philippine government's Early Childhood Development Project. Duration of any BF was the primary independent variable in regression models predicting a cumulative index of PD that has been shown previously to predict school readiness.
Results: In this sample, mothers who breastfed their children for longer tended to have lower educational attainment and to come from lower income households. Despite this, BF duration was a positive predictor of future PD measured in late childhood, but only after adjustment for SES and related confounders.
Conclusions: These findings add to growing evidence that BF could provide lasting economic and social benefits and underscore the importance of continuing current public health efforts to promote BF in the Philippines and across the globe. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.