Comparison of baseline free testosterone and cortisol concentrations between elite and non-elite female athletes
Article first published online: 22 AUG 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Human Biology
Volume 24, Issue 6, pages 856–858, November/December 2012
How to Cite
Cook, C. J., Crewther, B. T. and Smith, A. A. (2012), Comparison of baseline free testosterone and cortisol concentrations between elite and non-elite female athletes. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 24: 856–858. doi: 10.1002/ajhb.22302
- Issue published online: 15 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 22 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 18 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 2 APR 2012
- Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council UK
- UK Sport Council, as part of the Elite Sport Performance Research in Training (ESPRIT) with Pervasive Sensing Programme. Grant Number: EP/H009744/1
To compare the baseline free testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) concentrations of elite and non-elite female athletes.
Eighteen females from different sports (track and field, netball, cycling, swimming, bob skeleton) were monitored over a 12-week period. Baseline measures of salivary free T and C concentrations were taken weekly prior to any training. The elites (n = 9) and non-elites (n = 9) were classified as international and national level competitors, respectively, with both groups matched by sport.
The pooled free T concentrations of the elites (87 pg/ml) were significantly higher than the non-elites (41 pg/ml) and consistently so across all weekly time points (P < 0.001). Pooled free C concentrations were also greater in the elite group (2.90 ng/ml) than the non-elites (2.32 ng/ml) (P < 0.01).
The pooled baseline T and C measures were higher in elite female athletes than non-elites. Higher free T and C concentrations could indicate a greater capacity for physical performance at higher work rates, which is commensurate with the demands of elite sport. Speculatively, the T differences observed could influence female behavior and thereby help to regulate sporting potential. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.