Nutritional status and its association with physical fitness, physical activity and parasitological indicators in youths from rural mozambique
Article first published online: 9 MAY 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Human Biology
Volume 25, Issue 4, pages 516–523, July/August 2013
How to Cite
Nhantumbo, L., Ribeiro Maia, J. A., Dos Santos, F. K., Jani, I. V., Gudo, E. S., Katzmarzyk, P. T. and Prista, A. (2013), Nutritional status and its association with physical fitness, physical activity and parasitological indicators in youths from rural mozambique. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 25: 516–523. doi: 10.1002/ajhb.22403
- Issue published online: 19 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 9 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 12 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 4 NOV 2012
- Mozambican Ministry of Science and Technology
Little information exists about the relationship of nutritional status and motor performance conditional on asymptomatic parasitemia in rural African children.
The aims of this study were to (1) determine if malnourished youths from rural African areas have lower levels of physical fitness (PF) and physical activity (PA) compared to normal weight youths, (2) verify the biological relevance of anthropometric criteria used to classify nutritional status in youth, and (3) determine the prevalence of parasitological indicators, and its association with nutritional status and PF.
The sample comprised 794 youths (6–17 years) from Calanga, a rural community in Mozambique. PF tests were selected from standardized test batteries, and PA was estimated by accelerometry. Nutritional status was defined according to WHO recommendations for stunting, wasting and normal weight. Parasitological indicators were determined based on stool specimens' analysis.
In general terms the normal group out-performed the other nutritional groups (stunted and wasted) for PF. However, no significant differences were found for PA among nutritional groups. There were also no significant differences in prevalence of intestinal parasites.
Nutritional status was not associated with PA levels or the prevalence of parasitological indicators in youth, but was related to physical performance. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 25:516–523, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.