Longitudinal variation of circulating irisin after an energy restriction-induced weight loss and following weight regain in obese men and women

Authors

  • Ana B. Crujeiras,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria (IDIS), Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago (CHUS) and Santiago de Compostela University (USC), Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    2. Cancer Epigenetics and Biology Program (PEBC), Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), Barcelona, Spain
    3. CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBERobn), Madrid, Spain
    • Correspondence to: Ana B. Crujeiras, Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology Area (Lab. 2), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria, Complejo Hospitalario de Santiago (CHUS), C/Choupana, s/n. 15706 Santiago de Compostela. Spain. E-mail: anabelencrujeiras@hotmail.com

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  • María Pardo,

    1. Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria (IDIS), Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago (CHUS) and Santiago de Compostela University (USC), Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    2. CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBERobn), Madrid, Spain
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  • Arturo Roca-Rivada,

    1. Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria (IDIS), Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago (CHUS) and Santiago de Compostela University (USC), Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    2. CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBERobn), Madrid, Spain
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  • Santiago Navas-Carretero,

    1. CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBERobn), Madrid, Spain
    2. Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra (UNAV), Pamplona, Spain
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  • M. Angeles Zulet,

    1. CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBERobn), Madrid, Spain
    2. Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra (UNAV), Pamplona, Spain
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  • J. Alfredo Martínez,

    1. CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBERobn), Madrid, Spain
    2. Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra (UNAV), Pamplona, Spain
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  • Felipe F Casanueva

    1. Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria (IDIS), Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago (CHUS) and Santiago de Compostela University (USC), Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    2. CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBERobn), Madrid, Spain
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  • Ana B. Crujeiras and María Pardo contributed equally to this work

Abstract

Objective

The recently discovered peptide irisin has been hypothesized to be a regulator of body metabolism. The objective of this work was to evaluate whether circulating human irisin levels are modulated by body size and changes in adiposity during an energy restriction treatment and the subsequent weight regain.

Methods

A group of 94 obese patients (50 men, 44 women; 49.4 ± 9.4 years; BMI 35.6 ± 4.5 kg/m2) participated in a weight loss program following an 8-week hypocaloric diet (−30% energy expenditure) with a weight maintenance follow-up. The patients were evaluated at 0, 8, and 24 weeks after starting treatment. In addition, 48 normal-weight subjects (16 men, 32 women; 35.71 ± 8.8 years; BMI 22.9 ± 2.2 kg/m2) participated as controls. Plasma irisin, body weight, body composition, and hormones controlling energy homeostasis were measured.

Results

Irisin levels were higher in obese subjects (353.1 ± 18.6 ng/mL) than in those of normal-weight (198.4 ± 7.8 ng/mL; P ≤ 0.001) and were also higher in men (340.9 ± 20 ng/mL) than in women (267.6 ± 12 ng/mL; P < 0.05). Moreover, irisin plasma levels were significantly correlated with high levels of direct and indirect adiposity markers, such as weight, BMI, waist circumference, and fat mass, as measured by bioimpedance, but not with height or leptin levels. Interestingly, irisin levels paralleled body weight reduction after the dietary treatment (week 8) and again returned to the baseline levels at 24 weeks in those patients regaining the lost weight.

Conclusions

Irisin strongly reflects body fat mass, suggesting that the irisin circulating levels are conditioned by adiposity level. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 26:198–207, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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