Aspects of the study were conducted in each of the institutions listed above.
Canadian male farm residents, pesticide safety handling practices, exposure to animals and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)†
Article first published online: 9 AUG 2002
Copyright © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Special Issue: Agricultural Safety and Health in a New Century
Volume 42, Issue S2, pages 54–61, August 2002
How to Cite
McDuffie, H.H., Pahwa, P., Spinelli, J.J., McLaughlin, J.R., Fincham, S., Robson, D., Dosman, J.A. and Hu, J. (2002), Canadian male farm residents, pesticide safety handling practices, exposure to animals and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Am. J. Ind. Med., 42: 54–61. doi: 10.1002/ajim.10041
- Issue published online: 9 AUG 2002
- Article first published online: 9 AUG 2002
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 OCT 2001
- Health Canada. Grant Number: 6608-1258-58
- British Columbia Health Research Foundation
- Centre for Agricultural Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
- non-Hodgkin's lymphomas;
- farm animals;
- male farm residents, Canada
A majority of published studies indicate that farmers have an elevated risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) compared to other workers.
We evaluated accidental exposure to pesticides, the use of personal protective equipment, and exposure to animals among male farm residents in a Canadian population-based, multi-centre, NHL-control questionnaire study.
In a multivariate model, the following variables had statistically significant adjusted odds ratios (OR) using 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) (a) higher risk: having more than 13 head of swine, raising bison, elk or ostriches, a personal history of cancer, > 4 and ≤ 15 years of farm residence and occupational exposure to diesel fuel and exhaust; (b) lower risk: raising cattle and a personal history of measles.
Future multidisciplinary studies of NHL should include a comprehensive review of exposure to animals in sufficient detail to assess etiological mechanisms to explain the putative associations between exposure to farm animals and NHL. Am. J. Ind. Med. Suppl. 2:54–61, 2002. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.