Adverse pregnancy outcomes in offspring of fathers working in biomedical research laboratories
Article first published online: 11 MAY 2006
Copyright © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 49, Issue 6, pages 468–473, June 2006
How to Cite
Magnusson, L. L., Bodin, L. and Wennborg, H. (2006), Adverse pregnancy outcomes in offspring of fathers working in biomedical research laboratories. Am. J. Ind. Med., 49: 468–473. doi: 10.1002/ajim.20317
- Issue published online: 11 MAY 2006
- Article first published online: 11 MAY 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 MAR 2006
- laboratory work;
- birth weight;
- gestational age;
- organic solvents;
Laboratory work may constitute a possible health hazard for workers as well as for their offspring, and involves a wide range of exposures, such as organic solvents, carcinogenic agents, ionizing radiation, and/or microbiological agents. Adverse pregnancy outcomes in the offspring of male employees in biomedical research laboratories are examined.
Offspring to males employed 1970–1989 at four Swedish universities were identified via the Medical Birth Register (MBR), along with other pregnancy parameters. Offspring of fathers with laboratory work (n = 2,281) is considered exposed, and of non-laboratory employees unexposed (n = 1,909). Exposure data were obtained by questionnaires to research group leaders. Logistic regression analysis estimated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).
Paternal laboratory work in general showed no statistically significant increased ORs concerning birth weight and/or gestational age, but work specifically with radioactive isotopes gave OR 1.8 (CI 1.0–3.2) for high birth weight and a relative risk of 1.2 (CI 1.0–1.4) for sex ratio (male/female).
There was no clear association between periconceptional paternal laboratory work and adverse reproductive outcomes, but use of radioactive isotopes showed increased OR for high birth weight in offspring. Am. J. Ind. Med. 49:468–473, 2006. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.