Just in the wrong place…?: Geographic tools for occupational injury/illness surveillance
Article first published online: 14 JUL 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 51, Issue 9, pages 680–690, September 2008
How to Cite
Neff, R. A., Curriero, F. C. and Burke, T. A. (2008), Just in the wrong place…?: Geographic tools for occupational injury/illness surveillance. Am. J. Ind. Med., 51: 680–690. doi: 10.1002/ajim.20611
- Issue published online: 4 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 14 JUL 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 MAY 2008
- NIOSH ERC Fellowship
- NIOSH Pilot Project Grant
- CDC Environmental Public Health Tracking Fellowship
- Johns Hopkins University Center for a Livable Future
- occupational injury;
- occupational safety;
- occupational health;
- geographic information systems;
Geographic analysis is now integral to public health surveillance, but has been underused for occupational injury/illness.
Mapping and spatial statistics are used to examine national county-level mean establishment Lost Workday Injury/Illness (LWDII) rates in the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Data Initiative (ODI), 1997–2001. The following questions are explored: Does occupational injury/illness vary geographically at the county level?; Does variation remain after accounting for industry hazard?; Where are rates higher or lower than expected?
The methods provide evidence of geographic variation in nonfatal occupational injury/illness rates, including after adjusting for industry hazard.
Geographic analyses can improve intervention targeting, suggest risk factors for investigation, and make the case for targeting resources to prevention in hard-hit areas, as well as improving ongoing surveillance. Am. J. Ind. Med. 51:680–690, 2008. Published 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.