This article is a US Government work and as such, is in the public domain in the United States of America.
Racial and ethnic disparities in work-related injuries and socio-economic resources among nursing assistants employed in US nursing homes†
Article first published online: 29 APR 2010
This article is a U.S. Government work and, as such, is in the public domain in the U.S.A. Published in 2010 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 53, Issue 10, pages 951–959, October 2010
How to Cite
Tak, S., Alterman, T., Baron, S. and Calvert, G. M. (2010), Racial and ethnic disparities in work-related injuries and socio-economic resources among nursing assistants employed in US nursing homes. Am. J. Ind. Med., 53: 951–959. doi: 10.1002/ajim.20852
- Issue published online: 16 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 29 APR 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 MAR 2010
- nursing home;
- nursing assistant;
- work-related injury;
- health disparity
We aimed to estimate the proportion of nursing assistants (NAs) in the US with work-related injuries and insufficient socio-economic resources by race/ethnicity.
Data from the 2004 National Nursing Assistant Survey (NNAS), a nationally representative sample survey of NAs employed in United States nursing homes, were analyzed accounting for the complex survey design.
Among 2,880 participants, 44% reported “scratch, open wounds, or cuts” followed by “back injuries” (17%), “black eyes or other types of bruising” (16%), and “human bites” (12%). When compared to non-Hispanic white NAs, the adjusted rate ratio (RR) for wound/cut was 0.74 for non-Hispanic black NAs (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.65–0.85). RRs for black eyes/bruises were 0.18 for non-Hispanic black NAs (95% CI: 0.12–0.26), and 0.55 for Hispanic NAs (95% CI: 0.37–0.82).
Minority racial and ethnic groups were less likely to report having experienced injuries compared with non-Hispanic white NAs. Future research should focus on identifying preventable risk factors, such as differences by race and ethnicity in the nature of NA jobs and the extent of their engagement in assisting patients with activities of daily living. Am. J. Ind. Med. 53:951–959, 2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.