Associate Professor of Occupational Medicine.
Association between psychosocial factors and musculoskeletal symptoms among Iranian nurses
Version of Record online: 21 JUN 2010
Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 53, Issue 10, pages 1032–1039, October 2010
How to Cite
Mehrdad, R., Dennerlein, J. T., Haghighat, M. and Aminian, O. (2010), Association between psychosocial factors and musculoskeletal symptoms among Iranian nurses. Am. J. Ind. Med., 53: 1032–1039. doi: 10.1002/ajim.20869
- Issue online: 16 SEP 2010
- Version of Record online: 21 JUN 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 MAY 2010
- Tehran University of Medical Sciences
- musculoskeletal disorders symptoms;
- psychosocial factors;
- back pain;
- occupational health;
While psychosocial factors have been associated with musculoskeletal symptoms among nurses in some countries, previous studies of Iranian nurses show little association using a demand and control questionnaire. The aim of this study is to assess and evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and to assess their relationships with psychosocial factors among nurses in Iran.
In a cross-sectional study, 347 hospital nurses completed a self-reported questionnaire containing the Standardized Nordic questionnaire for musculoskeletal symptoms and the General Nordic questionnaire for Psychological and Social factors at work (QPS Nordic 34+ Questionnaire).
Prevalence of low back pain, knee pain, shoulder pain, and neck pain were 73.2%, 68.7%, 48.6%, and 46.3%, respectively. Middle and high stress groups had higher crude and adjusted odds than the low stress group for all body sites. The association for neck, wrist/hand, and upper back and ankle/foot reports (adjusted odds ratio for high stress ranging from 2.4 to 3.0) were statistically significant.
We observed a high prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms at a number of body sites, which were associated with psychosocial factors and specifically stress as defined by the QPS Nordic 34+ Questionnaire. Am. J. Ind. Med. 53:1032–1039, 2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.