Characterization of lead in US workplaces using data from OSHA's integrated management information system
Article first published online: 18 JAN 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 54, Issue 5, pages 356–365, May 2011
How to Cite
Henn, S. A., Sussell, A. L., Li, J., Shire, J. D., Alarcon, W. A. and Tak, S. (2011), Characterization of lead in US workplaces using data from OSHA's integrated management information system. Am. J. Ind. Med., 54: 356–365. doi: 10.1002/ajim.20926
- Issue published online: 4 APR 2011
- Article first published online: 18 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 NOV 2010
Lead hazards continue to be encountered in the workplace. OSHA's Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) is the largest available database containing sampling results in US workplaces.
Personal airborne lead sampling results in IMIS were extracted for years 1979–2008. Descriptive analyses, geographical mapping, and regression modeling of results were performed.
Seventy-nine percent of lead samples were in the manufacturing sector. Lead sample results were highest in the construction sector (median = 0.03 mg/m3). NORA sector, year, OSHA region, number of employees at the worksite, federal/state OSHA plan, unionization, advance notification, and presence of an employee representative were statistically associated with having a lead sample result exceed the PEL.
Lead concentrations within construction have been higher than any other industry. Lead hazards have been most prevalent in the north and northeastern US. IMIS data can be useful as a surveillance tool and for targeting prevention efforts toward hazardous industries. Am. J. Ind. Med. 54:356–365, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.