Analysis of traumatic occupational fatalities in China

Authors

  • Zhang Tao,

    Corresponding author
    1. Emergency Department, China MeiTan General Hospital, Beijing, China
    • Emergency Department, China MeiTan General Hospital, 29 XiBaHe NanLi, ChaoYang District, Beijing, China, 100028.
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    • Director of the Emergency Department at China MeiTan General Hospital, National Mining Medical Center, in Beijing, China.

  • Wang Ming-Xiao,

    1. Emergency Department, China MeiTan General Hospital, Beijing, China
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    • Director of the China MeiTan General Hospital, National Mining Medical Center.

  • Xie Miao-Rong,

    1. Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
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    • Vice Director of the Youyi Hospital, which is affiliated with Capital Medical University in Beijing.

  • Jia Ming-Qiu

    1. Emergency Department, China MeiTan General Hospital, Beijing, China
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    • Assistant at China MeiTan General Hospital, National Mining Medical Center.


Abstract

Background

A descriptive epidemiologic analysis of the characteristics of workplace-based multiple fatality incidents in China can contribute to a scientific basis for the prevention and control of such fatal incidents as well for as the facilitation of medical assistance during these episodes.

Methods

We used data on workplace-based multiple fatality incidents spanning January 1, 2001–December 31, 2008 as collected by the National Work Safety Administration of China to analyze event frequency, type, number of deaths, mortality rate (per million persons), and regional distribution.

Results

A total of 17,277 workplace-based multiple fatality incidents were reported between 2001 and 2008, which were associated with 62,850 deaths and 30,418 injuries. The most common types or settings associated with workplace-based multiple fatality incidents were road traffic accidents (>3 deaths only; total 23,464 deaths), coal mine explosions (23,418 deaths), and incidents involving shipping (3,978 deaths).

Conclusion

The risk for workplace-based multiple fatality incidents in China is one of the highest in the world. Prevention is critical and should be strengthened. Our results may provide useful information help to improve prevention and control measures. Am. J. Ind. Med. 54:560–564, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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