Comparing the risk factors associated with serious versus and less serious work-related injuries in ontario between 1991 and 2006

Authors

  • Peter Smith PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute for Work & Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    2. Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    • Institute for Work & Health, 481 University Ave, Suite 800, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2E9.
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  • Sheilah Hogg-Johnson PhD,

    1. Institute for Work & Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    2. Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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  • Cameron Mustard ScD,

    1. Institute for Work & Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    2. Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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  • Cynthia Chen MSc,

    1. Institute for Work & Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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  • Emile Tompa PhD

    1. Institute for Work & Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    2. Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    3. Department of Economics, McMaster University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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Abstract

Background

The objective of this study was to examine and compare the demographic and labor market risks for more serious and less serious work-related injuries and illnesses.

Methods

Secondary analysis of accepted workers' compensation claims in Ontario, combined with labor force estimates for the period 1991 to 2006. Serious injuries and illnesses were claims resulting in wage replacement. Less serious injuries and illnesses were claims only requiring health care. Regression models examined the relationship between demographic and labor market characteristics (age, gender, industry, job tenure, and unemployment) and claim type.

Results

Relative risk estimates for serious and less serious claims were not concordant across age, gender and industry employment groups. For example, while the mining and utilities and the construction industry had an increased probability of reporting NLTCs, they had a decreased probability of reporting LTCs.

Conclusions

The risk for serious and less serious work-related injury and illness claims differ by demographic and labor market groups. The use of composite measures that combine wage-replacement and health care only claims should be considered when using compensation data for surveillance and primary prevention targeting strategies. Am. J. Ind. Med. 55:84–91, 2012. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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