Professor, Federal University of Minas Gerais, School of Medicine; Co-coordinator, Belo Horizonte Observatory for Urban Health.
Article first published online: 6 JAN 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Special Issue: Research Contributions from the United States International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational Health Program: Part 2
Volume 56, Issue 1, pages 49–57, January 2013
How to Cite
Goston, J. L., Caiaffa, W. T., de Souza Andrade, A. C. and Vlahov, D. (2013), Health behaviors and occupational stress of Brazilian civil servants living in an urban center. Am. J. Ind. Med., 56: 49–57. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22004
Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interests.
Institution at which the work was performed: Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG).
- Issue published online: 20 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 6 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 DEC 2011
- urban health;
- health behaviors;
- job strain;
Occupational stress and unhealthy lifestyles are common characteristics of urban workers. The association between health behaviors and job stress of urban Brazilian civil servants was studied.
A cross-sectional study included 893 workers. Health markers, the dependent variables, were: Fruit/vegetable (FV) and alcohol (A) intake, physical activity (PA), including at work (PAW), smoking (S), BMI ≥ 25 Kg/m2. Occupational stress, assessed by Job Stress Scale-Brazilian version, classified employees into: High-strain, Low-strain, Active, and Passive. Prevalence rates and multivariate Poisson models were adopted.
On average, employees (mean age = 40.2 years; 69.1% female) reported healthy lifestyle factors: FV (56%); PA (59.7%); S (13.3%); however, 49.4% were overweight. Compared to low-strain, high-strain workers reported higher PAW; passive workers lesser PA and higher PAW. After adjusting for socio-demographics and work characteristics, the occupational stress dimensions were no longer associated to health behaviors.
Our results do not support the hypothesis of an effect for occupational stress on urban employees' health behaviors. Am. J. Ind. Med. 56:49–57, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.