Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interests.
Incidence of acute occupational pesticide poisoning among male farmers in South Korea†
Version of Record online: 21 FEB 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 55, Issue 9, pages 799–807, September 2012
How to Cite
Lee, W. J., Cha, E. S., Park, J., Ko, Y., Kim, H. J. and Kim, J. (2012), Incidence of acute occupational pesticide poisoning among male farmers in South Korea. Am. J. Ind. Med., 55: 799–807. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22024
- Issue online: 9 AUG 2012
- Version of Record online: 21 FEB 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 JAN 2012
- National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by Korea Government (MEST). Grant Number: 2010-0021742
- Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science & Technology Development, Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea. Grant Number: Project No. PJ007455
- agricultural workers;
- occupational disease;
- sampling study
Pesticide poisoning from agricultural labor has been recognized as a major public health problem among farmers worldwide. The objective of this study was to examine the incidence of acute occupational pesticide poisoning among male farmers in South Korea.
A nationwide sampling survey of male farmers was conducted in South Korea. This survey used a stratified multistage probability sampling design and adopted the face-to-face interview method. A total of 1,958 male farmers were interviewed in order to estimate the incidence of acute occupational pesticide poisoning in rural areas in 2010. Based on a self-reported definition, the incidence rate in 2010 and the lifetime hospitalization rate due to acute occupational pesticide poisoning among male farmers were estimated.
The incidence rate of acute occupational pesticide poisoning was 24.7 (95% CI 22.1–27.2) per 100 male farmers, which corresponds to 209,512 cases across South Korea in 2010. About 12% of the pesticide poisoning cases included either visiting a medical doctor or hospitalization. The lifetime rate of hospitalization due to occupational pesticide poisoning was 6.1 (95% CI 4.9–7.3) among male farmers. Poisoning occurred mainly when farmers were applying pesticides during summer.
Our nationwide sampling survey demonstrated that acute occupational pesticide poisonings are highly prevalent among male South Korean farmers. Intensive intervention efforts to reduce occupational pesticide poisoning are urgently needed in South Korea. Am. J. Ind. Med. 55:799–807, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.