Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interest.
Prevalence of measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella susceptibility among health science students in a University in India†
Article first published online: 29 MAR 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Special Issue: Research Contributions from the United States International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational Health Program: Part 2
Volume 56, Issue 1, pages 58–64, January 2013
How to Cite
Arunkumar, G., Vandana, K.E. and Sathiakumar, N. (2013), Prevalence of measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella susceptibility among health science students in a University in India. Am. J. Ind. Med., 56: 58–64. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22046
- Issue published online: 20 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 29 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 MAR 2012
- The National Institutes of Health-Fogarty International Center (NIH-FIC). Grant Number: 5 D43 TW05750
Health science students (HSS) are at increased risk of contracting and transmitting viral diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella (chickenpox). This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of susceptibility of HSS to these infections.
Using a cross-sectional design, 790 HSS of Manipal University, Manipal, India, answered a questionnaire and provided a blood sample which was tested for specific IgG antibodies to measles, mumps, rubella and varicella by ELISA (Enzygnost®).
The study group was comprised of medical (53.9%), nursing (16.6%), and allied health (29.5%) students. Among the overall group (n = 790), the prevalence of serological susceptibility to measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella were 9.5%, 32.0%, 16.6%, and 25.8%, respectively. Among the subgroup of vaccinated subjects, susceptibility to measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella were 7.9%, 34.7%, 10.7%, and 35.2%, respectively.
HSS susceptible to measles, mumps, rubella, and/or varicella are at risk of acquiring these diseases during their training period. In addition, they may be a potential source for nosocomial transmission posing a risk to immunocompromised patients. Hence, in the Indian setting, HSS should be immunized against measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella at the time of joining the medical school. Am. J. Ind. Med. 56:58–64, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.