Design of psychosocial factors questionnaires: A systematic measurement approach


  • Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interests.

  • Gloria Villalobos and Martin Rondón are Fogarty trainees.



Evaluation of psychosocial factors requires instruments that measure dynamic complexities. This study explains the design of a set of questionnaires to evaluate work and non-work psychosocial risk factors for stress-related illnesses.


The measurement model was based on a review of literature. Content validity was performed by experts and cognitive interviews. Pilot testing was carried out with a convenience sample of 132 workers. Cronbach's alpha evaluated internal consistency and concurrent validity was estimated by Spearman correlation coefficients.


Three questionnaires were constructed to evaluate exposure to work and non-work risk factors. Content validity improved the questionnaires coherence with the measurement model. Internal consistency was adequate (α = 0.85–0.95). Concurrent validity resulted in moderate correlations of psychosocial factors with stress symptoms.


Questionnaires' content reflected a wide spectrum of psychosocial factors sources. Cognitive interviews improved understanding of questions and dimensions. The structure of the measurement model was confirmed. Am. J. Ind. Med. 56:100–110, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.