Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interests.
Prevalence of hearing loss in the United States by industry†
Version of Record online: 5 JUL 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 56, Issue 6, pages 670–681, June 2013
How to Cite
Masterson, E. A., Tak, S., Themann, C. L., Wall, D. K., Groenewold, M. R., Deddens, J. A. and Calvert, G. M. (2013), Prevalence of hearing loss in the United States by industry. Am. J. Ind. Med., 56: 670–681. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22082
- Issue online: 25 MAY 2013
- Version of Record online: 5 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 MAY 2012
Vol. 57, Issue 10, 1193, Version of Record online: 27 AUG 2014
- occupational hearing loss;
- hearing impairment;
- hazardous noise;
- noise-induced hearing loss;
- occupational noise exposure standard
Twenty-two million workers are exposed to hazardous noise in the United States. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among U.S. industries.
We examined 2000–2008 audiograms for male and female workers ages 18–65, who had higher occupational noise exposures than the general population. Prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) for hearing loss were estimated and compared across industries.
In our sample, 18% of workers had hearing loss. When compared with the Couriers and Messengers industry sub-sector, workers employed in Mining (PR = 1.65, CI = 1.57–1.73), Wood Product Manufacturing (PR = 1.65, CL = 1.61–1.70), Construction of Buildings (PR = 1.52, CI = 1.45–1.59), and Real Estate and Rental and Leasing (PR = 1.59, CL = 1.51–1.68) had higher risks for hearing loss.
Workers in the Mining, Manufacturing, and Construction industries need better engineering controls for noise and stronger hearing conservation strategies. More hearing loss research is also needed within traditional “low-risk” industries like Real Estate. Am. J. Ind. Med. 56:670–681, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.