Director of the Rocky Mountain Center.
Comparison of opioid-related deaths by work-related injury†
Article first published online: 9 NOV 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 56, Issue 3, pages 308–316, March 2013
How to Cite
Cheng, M., Sauer, B., Johnson, E., Porucznik, C. and Hegmann, K. (2013), Comparison of opioid-related deaths by work-related injury. Am. J. Ind. Med., 56: 308–316. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22138
Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interests.
- Issue published online: 19 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 9 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 OCT 2012
- National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. Grant Number: T42/CCT810426
- VA Career Development Award. Grant Number: CDA-07-221
- CDC. Grant Number: 1R21CE001612-01
- opioid related deaths;
- prescription drug overdose;
- work-related injury
To infer whether work-related injuries may impact opioid-related deaths.
Descriptive comparisons were done using data from the Utah Department of Health, the Office of Medical Examiners, and the Labor Commission on all Utah residents who died from opioid-related deaths from 2008 to 2009.
The majority of decedents (145 of 254, 57%) had at least one prior work-related injury. Demographics were similar regardless of work injury status. However, lack of high school diploma (18% vs. 7%, P < 0.001), prevalence of mental illness (50% vs. 15%, P < 0.001), tobacco (61% vs. 12%, P < 0.001), alcohol (87% vs. 28%, P < 0.001), and illicit drug (50% vs. 4%, P < 0.001) use were all substantially higher than the background population.
A detailed history and screening for mental illness and substance abuse, including tobacco use, among injured workers may be helpful in avoiding potential opioid-related deaths. Am. J. Ind. Med. 56:308–316, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.