Potential years of life lost (PYLL) caused by asbestos-related diseases in the world

Authors

  • Rachmania Diandini MD, MOM,

    1. Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu City, Japan
    2. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
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  • Ken Takahashi MD, PhD, MPH,

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu City, Japan
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  • Eun-Kee Park PhD,

    1. Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu City, Japan
    2. Department of Medical Humanities and Social Medicine, Kosin University College of Medicine, Kosin, Republic of Korea
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  • Ying Jiang PhD,

    1. Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu City, Japan
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  • Mehrnoosh Movahed MD, PhD,

    1. Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu City, Japan
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  • Giang Vinh Le MD, PhD,

    1. Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam
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  • Lukas Jyuhn-Hsiarn Lee MD, PhD,

    1. Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan
    2. Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taiwan
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  • Vanya Delgermaa MD, PhD, MPH,

    1. Department of Preventive Medicine, Health Sciences, University of Mongolia, Mongolia
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  • Rokho Kim MD, DrPH

    1. World Health Organization, European Centre for Environment and Health, Regional Office for Europe, Bonn, Germany
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  • Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interests.

Correspondence to: Prof. Ken Takahashi, MD, PhD, MPH, Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Iseigaoka 1-1, Yahatanishiku, Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka Prefecture 807-8555, Japan. E-mail: ktaka@med.uoeh-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Background

We applied the well-established, but rather under-utilized, indicator of Potential Years of Life Lost (PYLL) to estimate the global burden of mesothelioma and asbestosis.

Methods

We analyzed all deaths caused by mesothelioma and asbestosis that were reported by 82 and 55 countries, respectively, to the World Health Organization (WHO) from 1994 to 2010.

Results

The 128,015 and 13,885 persons who died of mesothelioma and asbestosis, potentially lost a total of 2.18 million and 180,000 years of life (PYLL), or, an annual average PYLL of 201,000 years and 17,000 years, respectively. The average PYLL per decedent were 17.0 and 13.0 years for mesothelioma and asbestosis, respectively.

Conclusions

The current burden of asbestos-related diseases (ARDs) in terms of PYLL is substantial. The future burden of ARDs can be eliminated by stopping the use of asbestos. Am. J. Ind. Med. 56:993–1000, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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