Get access

A job-exposure matrix for research and surveillance of occupational health and safety in Spanish workers: MatEmESp

Authors

  • Ana M. García MD, PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for Research in Occupational Health (CiSAL), University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    2. Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Spain
    • Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • M. Carmen González-Galarzo BSc(Psych),

    1. Center for Research in Occupational Health (CiSAL), University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Timo Kauppinen PhD,

    1. Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Georges L. Delclos MD, PhD,

    1. Center for Research in Occupational Health (CiSAL), University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    2. Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Spain
    3. School of Public Health, University of Texas, Houston, Texas
    4. Parc de Salut Mar-IMIM, Barcelona, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Fernando G. Benavides MD, PhD

    1. Center for Research in Occupational Health (CiSAL), University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    2. Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Spain
    3. Parc de Salut Mar-IMIM, Barcelona, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author

Errata

This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Erratum Volume 57, Issue 4, 492, Article first published online: 30 January 2014

  • Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interests.
  • Authors' contributions: A.M.G. is the guarantor of the study. She developed the first study protocol, guided the field work, and wrote the first draft of the manuscript. M.C.G.G. participated in the estimations and collection of data and coordinated all the field work. T.K., G.L.D., and F.G.B. collaborated intellectually to the study design and conduction. All the authors made substantial contributions to the manuscript and all of them approved the submitted version.

Correspondence to: Ana M. García, MD, PhD, Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Valencia, Avda. Tarongers 4b, 46021 Valencia, Spain. E-mail: anagar@uv.es

Abstract

Background

In this study we describe a general-population job-exposure matrix (MatEmESp) for Spanish workers covering the period 1996–2005.

Methods

The Finnish job-exposure matrix (FINJEM) provided the default value estimates for occupational exposure to chemical, physical and biological agents. These estimates were adapted to Spanish working conditions by local experts. Spanish surveys were used to obtain exposure estimates for ergonomic and psychosocial risk factors. Employment and socio-demographic conditions for Spanish workers were obtained from the Spanish National Statistics Institute.

Results

MatEmESp provides a large amount of national and occupation-specific data on the major occupational exposures in Spain. As some examples, the data show that the most prevalent occupational hazards are repetitive movements and a lack of support from co-workers. In addition, 10% of the Spanish working population perform night shifts, and bricklayers and concrete workers are the job titles with the highest risk of exposure to quartz dust.

Conclusions

MatEmESp can be a useful tool for research and surveillance, and can help set priorities for occupational illness and injury prevention in Spain. Am. J. Ind. Med. 56:1226–1238, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Ancillary