Associate Professor of Public Health Law Emeritus.
The association of the original OSHA chemical hazard communication standard with reductions in acute work injuries/illnesses in private industry and the industrial releases of chemical carcinogens
Article first published online: 16 NOV 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 57, Issue 2, pages 138–152, February 2014
How to Cite
Oleinick, A. (2014), The association of the original OSHA chemical hazard communication standard with reductions in acute work injuries/illnesses in private industry and the industrial releases of chemical carcinogens. Am. J. Ind. Med., 57: 138–152. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22269
Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interests.
- Issue published online: 9 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 16 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 SEP 2013
- JoinPoint regression;
- OSHA standards;
- chemical hazards;
- chemical releases;
OSHA predicted the original chemical Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) would cumulatively reduce the lost workday acute injury/illness rate for exposure events by 20% over 20 years and reduce exposure to chemical carcinogens.
JoinPoint trend software identified changes in the rate of change of BLS rates for days away from work for acute injuries/illnesses during 1992–2009 for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries for both chemical, noxious or allergenic injury exposure events and All other exposure events. The annual percent change in the rates was used to adjust observed numbers of cases to estimate their association with the standard. A case-control study of EPA's Toxic Release Inventory 1988–2009 data compared carcinogen and non-carcinogens' releases.
The study estimates that the HCS was associated with a reduction in the number of acute injuries/illnesses due to chemical injury exposure events over the background rate in the range 107,569–459,395 (Hudson method/modified BIC model) depending on whether the HCS is treated as a marginal or sole factor in the decrease. Carcinogen releases have declined at a substantially faster rate than control non-carcinogens.
The previous HCS standard was associated with significant reductions in chemical event acute injuries/illnesses and chemical carcinogen exposures. Am. J. Ind. Med. 57:138–152, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.