Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interests.
Pesticide exposures to migrant farmworkers in eastern NC: Detection of metabolites in farmworker urine associated with housing violations and camp characteristics
Article first published online: 25 NOV 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 57, Issue 3, pages 323–337, March 2014
How to Cite
Raymer, J.H., Studabaker, W.B., Gardner, M., Talton, J., Quandt, S.A., Chen, H., Michael, L.C., McCombs, M. and Arcury, T.A. (2014), Pesticide exposures to migrant farmworkers in eastern NC: Detection of metabolites in farmworker urine associated with housing violations and camp characteristics. Am. J. Ind. Med., 57: 323–337. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22284
- Issue published online: 2 FEB 2014
- Article first published online: 25 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 NOV 2013
- National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences to Wake Forest Health Sciences. Grant Number: R01 ES012358
- migrant worker exposure;
- urinary pesticide metabolites;
- migrant farmworker housing;
- housing violations;
- housing impact on exposure
The purpose of this paper is to present and evaluate descriptively bivariate associations between urinary metabolites of pesticides and herbicides and migrant camp conditions, violations, and personal worker behaviors at home for farmworkers who do not apply pesticides.
We studied 183 migrant farmworker camps in eastern North Carolina in 2010. Data and urine samples were collected from 371 men. Predictor measures included violations in six domains of housing regulations and nonviolation characteristics and personal behaviors that might impact urinary metabolites.
Cockroaches and bathroom violations were predictive of increased exposure to pyrethroids and cyfluthrin/chlorpyrifos, respectively. Changing and storing clothing and shoes in sleeping rooms increased the number of detects for the diazinon metabolite.
Farmworkers had exposures to multiple chemicals. No single housing domain was identified as critical to mitigating housing-related exposure; specific attention should be paid to changing and storing soiled clothing in sleeping rooms, and insect infestations. Am. J. Ind. Med. 57:323–337, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.