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Shift work and cancer screening: Do females who work alternative shifts undergo recommended cancer screening?

Authors

  • Rebecca J. Tsai PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio
    • Correspondence to: Rebecca J. Tsai, PhD, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, R-17, Cincinnati, OH 45226. E-mail: rtsai@cdc.gov

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  • Sara E. Luckhaupt MD, MPH,

    1. Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio
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  • Marie Haring Sweeney PhD, MPH,

    1. Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio
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  • Geoffrey M. Calvert MD, MPH

    1. Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio
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  • Disclosure Statement: All authors are federal government employees and preparation of this manuscript was completely funded by the U.S. Government. Otherwise, no additional financial disclosures were reported by the authors of this paper.
  • Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, or the National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract

Background

Alternative shift work is classified as a probable human carcinogen. Certain cancer screening tests reduce cancer mortality.

Methods

The 2010 National Health Interview Survey was used to examine associations between adherence to breast, cervical, and colon cancer screening recommendations and alternative shift work among female workers.

Results

Workers on alternative shifts, compared to workers on daytime shifts, were more likely to be non-adherent to screening recommendations for breast (34% vs. 23%) and colorectal (55% vs. 48%) cancer (P < 0.05). Workers on alternative shifts in two industries (“Manufacturing” and “Accommodation/Food Services”) and three occupations (“Food Preparation/Serving,” “Personal Care Services,” and “Production”) were more likely to be non-adherent to screening recommendations for at least two cancers (P < 0.05).

Conclusions

The Affordable Care Act eliminates out-of-pocket screening expenses for these three cancers. Greater efforts are needed to promote this benefit, particularly among workers with demonstrated non-adherence. Am. J. Ind. Med. 57:265–275, 2014. Published 2013. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

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