Obesity and other risk factors: The National Survey of U.S. Long-Haul Truck Driver Health and Injury

Authors

  • W. Karl Sieber PhD, MS,

    Corresponding author
    1. Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio
    • Correspondence to: W. Karl Sieber, PhD, MS, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health M.S. R-17, 4476 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226. E-mail: wsieber@cdc.gov

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  • Cynthia F. Robinson PhD, MS,

    1. Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio
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  • Jan Birdsey MPH,

    1. Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio
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  • Guang X. Chen MD, MSc,

    1. Division of Safety Research, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia
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  • Edward M. Hitchcock PhD, MS,

    1. Division of Applied Research and Technology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio
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  • Jennifer E. Lincoln MSSM,

    1. Division of Safety Research, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, West Virginia
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  • Akinori Nakata PhD,

    1. School of Health Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Fukuoka, Japan
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  • Marie H. Sweeney PhD, MPH

    1. Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio
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  • Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interests.

Abstract

Background

Drivers of heavy and tractor-trailer trucks accounted for 56% of all production and nonsupervisory employees in the truck transportation industry in 2011. There are limited data for illness and injury in long-haul truck drivers, which prompted a targeted national survey.

Methods

Interviewers collected data during 2010 from 1,670 long-haul truck drivers at 32 truck stops across the 48 contiguous United States that were used to compute prevalence estimates for self-reported health conditions and risk factors.

Results

Obesity (69% vs. 31%, P < 0.01) and current smoking (51% vs. 19%, P < 0.01) were twice as prevalent in long-haul truck drivers as in the 2010 U.S. adult working population. Sixty-one percent reported having two or more of the risk factors: hypertension, obesity, smoking, high cholesterol, no physical activity, 6 or fewer hours of sleep per 24-hr period.

Conclusion

Survey findings suggest a need for targeted interventions and continued surveillance for long-haul truck drivers. Am. J. Ind. Med. 57:615–626, 2014. Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

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