Disclosure Statement: The authors report no conflicts of interests.
Examining occupational health and safety disparities using national data: A cause for continuing concern
Article first published online: 16 JAN 2014
Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Special Issue: Achieving Health Equity in the Workplace
Volume 57, Issue 5, pages 527–538, May 2014
How to Cite
Steege, A. L., Baron, S. L., Marsh, S. M., Menéndez, C. C. and Myers, J. R. (2014), Examining occupational health and safety disparities using national data: A cause for continuing concern. Am. J. Ind. Med., 57: 527–538. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22297
The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Mention of company names or products does not constitute endorsement by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
- Issue published online: 7 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 16 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 DEC 2013
- U.S. Government
- occupational health disparities;
Occupational status, a core component of socioeconomic status, plays a critical role in the well-being of U.S. workers. Identifying work-related disparities can help target prevention efforts.
Bureau of Labor Statistics workplace data were used to characterize high-risk occupations and examine relationships between demographic and work-related variables and fatality.
Employment in high-injury/illness occupations was independently associated with being male, Black, ≤high school degree, foreign-birth, and low-wages. Adjusted fatal occupational injury rate ratios for 2005–2009 were elevated for males, older workers, and several industries and occupations. Agriculture/forestry/fishing and mining industries and transportation and materials moving occupations had the highest rate ratios. Homicide rate ratios were elevated for Black, American Indian/Alaska Native/Asian/Pacific Islanders, and foreign-born workers.
These findings highlight the importance of understanding patterns of disparities of workplace injuries, illnesses and fatalities. Results can improve intervention efforts by developing programs that better meet the needs of the increasingly diverse U.S. workforce. Am. J. Ind. Med. 57:527–538, 2014. Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.