Cancer and occupation in Massachusetts: A death certificate study
Article first published online: 11 JAN 2007
Copyright © 1984 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 6, Issue 3, pages 207–230, 1984
How to Cite
Dubrow, R. and Wegman, D. H. (1984), Cancer and occupation in Massachusetts: A death certificate study. Am. J. Ind. Med., 6: 207–230. doi: 10.1002/ajim.4700060305
- Issue published online: 11 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 11 JAN 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 APR 1984
- NIEHS Occupational and Environmental Health Center. Grant Number: 5 P30 ES 00002
- occupational cancer;
- cancer surveillance;
- occupational cancer surveillance;
- death certificates;
- mortality odds ratio
This study examines cancer mortality patterns by occupation for white males in Massachusetts using 1971–1973 death records. Its purpose is to identify occupation-cancer associations that, when interpreted in conjunction with results from other studies and hypotheses about potential occupational carcinogens, can serve as leads for more definitive etiological investigations.
Sixty-two malignancy categories (including grouped categories) were investigated for each of 397 occupational categories (including grouped categories) using an age-standardized mortality odds ratio approach.
An important finding was the association between lung cancer and a large number of occupations for which there is support from other epidemiologic studies and/or for which there are reasonable hypotheses as to possible carcinogenic exposures. These occupations include truck drivers, painters, machinists, automobile mechanics, plumbers, cooks, fishermen, heated metal workers, sheet metal workers, and brickmasons/stone-masons/tile setters.