Wilson disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism. The H1069Q mutation in exon 14 of ATP7B is far the most frequent in Wilson patients of European origin. Mutations in exon 8 and 15 are also common among the over 150 described mutations in the WD gene. The aim was to investigate the frequency of these common WD gene mutations in Hungarian patients. A total of 42 patients with WD from 39 Hungarian families were examined. The H1069Q mutation was assessed by a seminested polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) assay, while mutations in exons 8, 13, 15, and 18 of WD gene were identified by sequencing. In addition, haplotype analysis was performed using three common microsatellite markers (D13S314, D13S301, D13S316). The H1069Q mutation was found in 27 patients (64.3%). Nine patients were H1069Q homozygous. Eighteen patients were H1069Q compound heterozygous, two of them had H1069Q/P969Q and one patient H1069Q/3400delC genotype. In two of the 15 H1069Q-negative patients a novel mutation in exon 13 (T977M) was detected. One H1069Q-negative patient had a mutation in exon 8 (G710S). None of the studied mutations was detected in 12 WD patients. H1069Q-positive patients from various European countries had the same haplotype pattern. The H1069Q point mutation is frequent in Hungarian patients with WD and appears to have originated from a single founder in Eastern Europe. In contrast, mutations in exons 8, 13, 15, and 18 are uncommon in Hungarian WD patients. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.