Malformations of the craniofacial region: Evolutionary, embryonic, genetic, and clinical perspectives

Authors

  • M. Michael Cohen Jr.

    Corresponding author
    • Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 3J5.
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    • Dr. Michael Cohen, Jr., holds five professorships at Dalhousie University: Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Pediatrics, Community Health and Epidemiology, Health Services Administration, and Sociology and Social Anthropology. He has five university degrees: B.A. from the University of Michigan in 1965; D.M.D. from Tufts University in 1966, M.S.D. from the University of Minnesota in 1969, Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota in 1979, and M.P.H. from Boston University in 1996. He trained in medical genetics and syndromology at the University of Minnesota from 1966 to 1971. He is the author or coauthor of more than 300 articles in the medical and scientific literature and of more than 35 book chapters and is the author, coauthor, or editor of 14 books, including. The Child with Multiple Birth Defects; Craniosynostosis: Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Management; Syndromes of the Head and Neck; Mental Retardation and Congenital Malformations of the Central Nervous System; Holoprosencephaly: An Overview and Atlas of Cases; The Gorlin Symposium on Overgrowth; Studies in Stomatology and Craniofacial Biology; The Gorlin Symposium on Asymmetry; and Overgrowth Syndromes. Dr. Cohen's university teaching is in three disciplines: pathology, medical genetics, and international health. He has given keynote addresses and been a visiting professor at numerous universities throughout the United States, Europe, South America, Asia, Australia, and Africa. He has many honors and awards. He is an Associate Editor of the American Journal of Medical Genetics.


Abstract

Malformations of the craniofacial region are reviewed with respect to evolutionary, embryonic, genetic, and clinical perspectives under the following headings: How Old Is Our Head?, Head Organization Genes, Genetics of Craniofacial Anomalies, Craniofacial Derivatives, Anencephaly, Cephalocele, Holoprosencephaly, Craniosynostosis, Hypertelorism, Branchial Arch Anomalies, and Orofacial Clefting. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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