• Brachmann-de Lange syndrome;
  • developmental data;
  • mental retardation;
  • early intervention


One hundred twenty-two patients with clinically confirmed Brachmann-de Lenge syndrome (BDLS) were evaluated developmentally. Recruitment was made from our genetics department and through meetings of the Cornelia de Lange Syndrome Foundation parent support group. Developmental information was obtained from records of physicians, schools and developmental centers, or from parents on each of the 122 individuals, allowing division in to four groups for study: group 1 (n = 48) underwent formal developmental assessments, which generated intelligence or developmental quotients, and had a completed parental questionnaire with specific developmental questions regarding ages of skills mastered; group II (n = 23) had additional developmental records available without formal testing, as well as the questionnaire; group III (n = 22) had a only a completed questionnaire; and group IV (n = 29) had formal developmental testing or other developmental records but no available questionnaire. These data were analyzed in order to be able to predict attainable psychomotor development. Average scores on formal testing were found to be in the mild to moderate level of mental retardation, ranging from below 30 to 85, with an average intelligence quotient of 53, higher than previously reported. Visual-spatial memory and perceptual organization skills were found to be strengths. Younger individuals born before 1980 demonstrated higher scores on testing. Early intervention appears to play a major role in the level of developmental achievement. © 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.