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Keywords:

  • Klinefelter syndrome;
  • chromosomal microdissection;
  • deleted Y-chromosome;
  • minute marker chromosome 8;
  • SMC

Abstract

A boy with signs of Klinefelter syndrome, mild facial dysmorphic features, and severely retarded speech development displayed a female karyotype with mosaicism for two marker chromosomes 48,XX,+mar1,+mar2[68]/47,XX,+mar1[19]/47,XX,+mar2[6]/46,XX[8]. Using chromosomal microdissection, locus-specific fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and PCR with several Y-chromosome markers, the larger supernumerary marker chromosome (SMC) was characterized as a ring Y-chromosome. Detection of the SRY-region explained the male phenotype. The smaller second marker chromosome contained the pericentromeric region of chromosome 8. We suggest that the co-occurrence of a partial Y-chromosome and partial trisomy 8 explain the severe speech delay and the facial dysmorphic features. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.