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Patched mutations and hairy skin patches: A new sign in Gorlin syndrome

Authors


  • How to cite this article: Wilson LC, Ajayi-Obe E, Bernhard B, Maas SM. 2006. Patched mutations and hairy skin patches: A new sign in Gorlin syndrome. Am J Med Genet Part A 140A:2625–2630.

Abstract

We report on the occurrence of discrete patches of unusually long pigmented hair on the skin of three patients with Gorlin syndrome from two unrelated families with confirmed heterozygous mutations in the Patched (PTCH) gene. The PTCH protein is a negative regulator of Hedgehog signaling, and the Sonic Hedgehog (SHH)-PTCH pathway is known to play an important role in the formation and cycling of the hair follicle. We believe that the patches represent a genuine physical sign associated with Gorlin syndrome, and discuss molecular mechanisms by which they might arise. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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