First reported case of intrachromosomal cryptic inv dup del Xp in a boy with developmental retardation

Authors

  • Celine Dupont,

    Corresponding author
    1. AP-HP, Hôpital Cochin, Service Histologie Embryologie Cytogénétique, Université Paris-Descartes, Faculté de Médecine, Unité INSERM U709, Paris, France
    • AP-HP, Hôpital Cochin, Service Histologie Embryologie Cytogénétique, Université Paris-Descartes, Faculté de Médecine, Unité INSERM U709, 123 Bd Port Royal, 75014 Paris, France.
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  • Aziza Lebbar,

    1. AP-HP, Hôpital Cochin, Service Histologie Embryologie Cytogénétique, Université Paris-Descartes, Faculté de Médecine, Unité INSERM U709, Paris, France
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  • Cecile Teinturier,

    1. AP-HP, Hôpital Saint Vincent de Paul, Service Endocrinologie Pédiatrique, Paris, France
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  • Françoise Baverel,

    1. AP-HP, Hôpital Cochin, Service Histologie Embryologie Cytogénétique, Université Paris-Descartes, Faculté de Médecine, Unité INSERM U709, Paris, France
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  • Geraldine Viot,

    1. AP-HP, Hôpital Cochin, Service Gynécologie Obstétrique, Paris, France
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  • Dominique Le Tessier,

    1. AP-HP, Hôpital Cochin, Service Histologie Embryologie Cytogénétique, Université Paris-Descartes, Faculté de Médecine, Unité INSERM U709, Paris, France
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  • Jerome Le Bozec,

    1. AP-HP, Hôpital et Institut COCHIN, Laboratoire de Biochimie et Génétique Moléculaire, Université Paris-Descartes, Faculté de Médecine, Paris, France
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  • Laurence Cuisset,

    1. AP-HP, Hôpital et Institut COCHIN, Laboratoire de Biochimie et Génétique Moléculaire, Université Paris-Descartes, Faculté de Médecine, Paris, France
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  • Jean-Michel Dupont

    1. AP-HP, Hôpital Cochin, Service Histologie Embryologie Cytogénétique, Université Paris-Descartes, Faculté de Médecine, Unité INSERM U709, Paris, France
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  • How to cite this article: Dupont C, Lebbar A, Teinturier C, Baverel F, Viot G, Le Tessier D, Le Bozec J, Cuisset L, Dupont J-M. 2007. First reported case of intrachromosomal cryptic inv dup del Xp in a boy with developmental retardation. Am J Med Genet Part A 143A:1236–1243.

Abstract

We report here on a 6-year-old boy referred to the laboratory for karyotyping and SHOX microdeletion testing. The most significant clinical findings in this boy were small stature, Madelung deformity, facial dysmorphism, mild mental retardation and behavioral problems. R-, G- and RTBG-banding chromosome analysis showed a normal male karyotype. Fine molecular characterization, by FISH, of terminal Xp microdeletion revealed an associated partial duplication. Further refinement of the molecular analysis indicated an inverted duplication of the Xp22.31–Xp22.32 (13.7 Mb) region including the STS, VCX-A and KAL1 genes, associated with a terminal Xp deletion Xp22.33-Xpter (3.6 Mb) encompassing the SHOX and ARSE genes. Such rearrangements have been characterized for other chromosomal pairs, but this is the first reported male patient involving the short arm of the X chromosome. Molecular analysis of the maternal and patient's microsatellite markers showed interchromatid mispairing leading to non-allelic homologous recombination to be the most likely mechanism underlying this rearrangement. This case highlights the importance of clinically driven FISH investigations in order to uncover cryptic micro-rearrangements. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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