This 15-month boy was expressed at the cytogenetic laboratory because of psychomotor development delay. He was tall and had plagiocephaly, micrognathia, high nasal bridge, anteverted nostrils and pectus excavatum. A 46,XY,del(4)(p16.1p16.3) karyotype was found using high-resolution R-banding technique. FISH studies using the LSI Wolf–Hirschhorn dual color 4p16.3 and the TelVysion 4p probes showed no deletion. Using BACs, the distal breakpoint was located in 4p16.3, between RP11-165K4 and RP11-717M10 and the proximal breakpoint in 4p15.33, between RP11-74M11 and RP11-1J7; therefore, approximately 7.96 Mb of the short arm were deleted. The maternal karyotype showed the same deletion, but in a mosaic status. Two distinct phenotypes have been recognized on the basis of the chromosomal bands involved in 4p deletion: the Wolf–Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) and a proximal 4p deletion syndrome (4p15.2–p15.32). Our observation confirms that the basic WHS phenotype maps distally to this region. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.