We report on two apparently unrelated girls with Johanson–Blizzard syndrome (JBS), in both children caused by a homozygous IVS26 + 5G>A mutation in the UBR1 gene. In both cases the parents are consanguineous and more sibs are affected. The somewhat mild phenotype (with no or slight mental retardation) in these two JBS families might be explained by residual UBR1 activity. One case has a dilated cardiomyopathy, a symptom only rarely reported in JBS, but of important clinical significance. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.