Audiological and vestibular findings in the Kabuki syndrome

Authors

  • S. Barozzi,

    Corresponding author
    1. Audiology Unit, I.R.C.C.S. Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena. Department of Otolaryngology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    • U.O.C. Audiologia, Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Department of Otolaryngology, Via Pace 9, 20122 Milan, Italy.
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  • F. Di Berardino,

    1. Audiology Unit, I.R.C.C.S. Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena. Department of Otolaryngology, University of Milan, via Pace 9, Milan and Department of Otolaryngology, S.Maria Nascente Don Gnocchi, Milan, Italy
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  • F. Atzeri,

    1. Department of Pediatrics, Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Milan, Italy
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  • E. Filipponi,

    1. Audiology Unit, I.R.C.C.S. Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena. Department of Otolaryngology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
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  • M. Cerutti,

    1. Department of Pediatrics, Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Milan, Italy
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  • A. Selicorni,

    1. Department of Pediatrics, Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Milan, Italy
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  • A. Cesarani

    1. Audiology Unit, I.R.C.C.S. Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena. Department of Otolaryngology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
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  • How to cite this article: Barozzi S, Di Berardino F, Atzeri F, Filipponi E, Cerutti M, Selicorni A, Cesarani A. 2009. Audiological and vestibular findings in the Kabuki syndrome. Am J Med Genet Part A 149A:171–176.

Abstract

Since the first description of Kabuki syndrome (KS) in 1981, over 350 cases from a variety of countries have been reported. Even though otolaryngological manifestations are common in KS, only a limited number of the reports provide audiological and vestibular data. The aim of the present study was to investigate the vestibular function and describe the audiological findings in KS. The present study reports no audiological and vestibular features in a group of 10 KS patients (7 males, 3 females), with chronological age ranging from 10 to 25 years (mean age = 14.5): a complete otoneurological and audiological work-up was performed for each patient and included where possible, the measurement of vestibular evoked potentials, caloric tests and static posturography. Hearing loss was found in 65% showing a mix or a conductive impairment; moreover the vestibular function was normal in 95% of the examined ears. In conclusion, audiological and vestibular examination should be considered when evaluating KS subjects. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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