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Keywords:

  • pseudo-torch;
  • intracranial calcification;
  • polymicrogyria;
  • cytomegalovirus

Abstract

The combination of intracranial calcification and polymicrogyria is usually seen in the context of intrauterine infection, most frequently due to cytomegalovirus. Rare familial occurrences have been reported. We describe five patients—two male–female sibling pairs, one pair born to consanguineous parents, and an unrelated female—with a distinct pattern of band-like intracranial calcification associated with simplified gyration and polymicrogyria. Clinical features include severe post-natal microcephaly, seizures and profound developmental arrest. Testing for infectious agents was negative. We consider that these children have the same recognizable “pseudo-TORCH” phenotype inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.