How to cite this article: Baban A, Torre M, Bianca S, Buluggiu A, Rossello MI, Calevo MG, Valle M, Ravazzolo R, Jasonni V, Lerone M. 2009. Poland syndrome with bilateral features: Case description with review of the literature. Am J Med Genet Part A 149A:1597–1602.
Poland syndrome with bilateral features: Case description with review of the literature†
Article first published online: 16 JUN 2009
Copyright © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
Volume 149A, Issue 7, pages 1597–1602, July 2009
How to Cite
Baban, A., Torre, M., Bianca, S., Buluggiu, A., Rossello, M. I., Calevo, M. G., Valle, M., Ravazzolo, R., Jasonni, V. and Lerone, M. (2009), Poland syndrome with bilateral features: Case description with review of the literature. Am. J. Med. Genet., 149A: 1597–1602. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.32922
- Issue published online: 18 JUN 2009
- Article first published online: 16 JUN 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 APR 2009
- Manuscript Received: 26 AUG 2008
- Poland syndrome (PS);
- isolated pectoral muscle defects
Poland syndrome (PS) has been described as unilateral pectoral muscle deficiency variably associated with ipsilateral thoracic and upper limb anomalies. Bilateral hypoplasia/aplasia of the pectoralis muscle and upper limb defects in association with variable thoracic muscles, chest wall deformities and lower limb defects have been infrequently reported in the literature. We report on a 3½-year-old girl with clinical features consisting in bilateral asymmetric pectoral muscle defects (complete agenesis on the left side and agenesis of the sternocostal head on the right side), nipple hypoplasia, left rib defect, and right hand symbrachydactyly. In this study, we reviewed the bilateral features present in our patient and those described in the literature. Hypotheses explaining bilateral features in PS are reviewed. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.