• craniometaphyseal dysplasia;
  • ANKH;
  • clinical variability;
  • novel mutations


Craniometaphyseal dysplasia (CMD) is a rare, sclerosing skeletal disorder caused by mutations in ANKH, which encodes a putative pyrophosphate transporting membrane protein. Six distinct ANKH mutations have been described to date. We report here on three novel mutations in simplex patients with CMD. The c.1015T>C (p.Cys339Arg) mutation found in Patient A was associated with congenital facial palsy, early-onset conductive hearing loss, and a generalized undermodeling of the long bones. The c.1172T>C (p.Leu391Pro) mutation in Patient B was associated with facial palsy, progressive conductive hearing loss, and generalized undermodeling of tubular bones. A milder phenotype without cranial nerve affection was observed in Patient C, associated with a c.1001T>G (p.Leu334Arg) mutation. All affected residues lie in evolutionarily conserved sequence blocks. These additional cases and the associated mutations contribute to an improved appreciation of the variability of this rare skeletal dysplasia. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.