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Keywords:

  • ambiguous genitalia;
  • hydrops fetalis;
  • noonan syndrome;
  • PTPN11

Abstract

Germline mutations in the PTPN11 gene have been associated with Noonan syndrome (NS) and LEOPARD syndrome. Both germline and somatic mutations in this gene have been reported in association with malignancies. However, the T507K mutation in the PTPN11 gene, has only been reported in malignancies and in a fetus with hydrops fetalis but not in a live patient with NS. We report the autopsy findings in a fetus with the T507K mutation who presented prenatally with hydrops fetalis, cystic hygroma and 46, XX karyotype. On autopsy, the patient was found to have testes, male external genitalia, but absent Wolffian ducts. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.