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Keywords:

  • progeroid features;
  • lipodystrophy;
  • FBN1 mutation

Abstract

We report on a 20-year-old man who presented in infancy with severe generalized lipodystrophy with a progeroid appearance and some Marfanoid features. He subsequently was diagnosed with bilateral lens subluxations at the age of 16 years which prompted analysis of the FBN1 gene. This analysis showed him to have a novel heterozygous, de novo, c.8156_8175del, p.Lys2719ThrfsX12, frameshift mutation in exon 64 of his FBN1 gene. His phenotype is similar to a patient described by Graul-Neumann et al. [2010] who was found to have a de novo, heterozygous, c.8155_8156del deletion in exon 64 of FBN1. Both mutations result in a truncated protein with an extremely charged C-terminus, containing two positive and four negative charges in the last eight amino acids. This most likely has a profound impact on protein–protein interactions, which are very important in the extracellular matrix. The similarities in the phenotypes, and overlapping molecular defects, provides further evidence that the phenotype with features of Marfan syndrome with neonatal progeroid syndrome-like lipodystrophy is a distinct clinical entity due to frameshift mutations in exon 64 of the FBN1 gene. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.