• Aikawa E, Whittaker P, Farber M, Mendelson K, Padera RF, Aikawa M, Schoen FJ. 2006. Human semilunar cardiac valve remodeling by activated cells from fetus to adult: Implications for postnatal adaptation, pathology, and tissue engineering. Circulation 113: 13441352.
  • Bonow RO, Carabello BA, Kanu C, de Leon AC Jr, Faxon DP, Freed MD, Gaasch WH, Lytle BW, Nishimura RA, O'Gara PT, O'Rourke RA, Otto CM, Shah PM, Shanewise JS, Smith SC Jr, Jacobs AK, Adams CD, Anderson JL, Antman EM, Faxon DP, Fuster V, Halperin JL, Hiratzka LF, Hunt SA, Lytle BW, Nishimura R, Page RL, Riegel B. 2006. ACC/AHA 2006 guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (writing committee to revise the 1998 Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease): Developed in collaboration with the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists: Endorsed by the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Circulation 114: e84e231.
  • Cripe L, Andelfinger G, Martin LJ, Shooner K, Benson DW. 2004. Bicuspid aortic valve is heritable. J Am Coll Cardiol 44: 138143.
  • Fernandes SM, Sanders SP, Khairy P, Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Lang P, Simonds H, Colan SD. 2004. Morphology of bicuspid aortic valve in children and adolescents. J Am Coll Cardiol 44: 16481651.
  • Fernandez B, Duran AC, Fernandez-Gallego T, Fernandez MC, Such M, Arque JM, Sans-Coma V. 2009. Bicuspid aortic valves with different spatial orientations of the leaflets are distinct etiological entities. J Am Coll Cardiol 54: 23122318.
  • Hinton RB, Lincoln J, Deutsch GH, Osinska H, Manning PB, Benson DW, Yutzey KE. 2006. Extracellular matrix remodeling and organization in developing and diseased aortic valves. Circ Res 98: 14311438.
  • Hinton RB, Martin LJ, Tabangin ME, Mazwi ML, Cripe LH, Benson DW. 2007. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is heritable. J Am Coll Cardiol 50: 15901595.
  • Hinton RB, Martin LJ, Rame-Gowda S, Tabangin ME, Cripe LH, Benson DW. 2009. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome links to chromosomes 10q and 6q and is genetically related to bicuspid aortic valve. J Am Coll Cardiol 53: 10651071.
  • Lloyd-Jones D, Adams RJ, Brown TM, Carnethon M, Dai S, De Simone G, Ferguson TB, Ford E, Furie K, Gillespie C, Go A, Greenlund K, Haase N, Hailpern S, Ho PM, Howard V, Kissela B, Kittner S, Lackland D, Lisabeth L, Marelli A, McDermott MM, Meigs J, Mozaffarian D, Mussolino M, Nichol G, Roger V, Rosamond W, Sacco R, Sorlie P, Stafford R, Thom T, Wasserthiel-Smoller S, Wong ND, Wylie-Rosett J. 2009. Heart disease and stroke statistics—2010 update. A report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 121: e46e215.
  • Mahle WT, Sutherland JL, Frias PA. 2010. Outcome of isolated bicuspid aortic valve in childhood. J Pediatr 157: 445449.
  • Martin LJ, Ramachandran V, Cripe LH, Hinton RB, Andelfinger G, Tabangin M, Shooner K, Keddache M, Benson DW. 2007. Evidence in favor of linkage to human chromosomal regions 18q, 5q and 13q for bicuspid aortic valve and associated cardiovascular malformations. Hum Genet 121: 275284.
  • Nkomo VT, Gardin JM, Skelton TN, Gottdiener JS, Scott CG, Enriquez-Sarano M. 2006. Burden of valvular heart diseases: A population-based study. Lancet 368: 10051011.
  • Otto CM. 2006. Valvular aortic stenosis: Disease severity and timing of intervention. J Am Coll Cardiol 47: 21412151.
  • Rajamannan NM, Gersh B, Bonow RO. 2003. Calcific aortic stenosis: From bench to the bedside—emerging clinical and cellular concepts. Heart 89: 801805.
  • Rajamannan NM, Aikawa E, Grande-Allen K, Heistad D, Masters K, Mathieu P, O'Brien K, Otto CM, Schoen FJ, Simmons C, Towler D, Yoganathan A. 2009. NHLBI Working Group Executive Summary: Calcific aortic stenosis. Chicago: DHHS.
  • Roberts WC. 1970. The structure of the aortic valve in clinically isolated aortic stenosis: An autopsy study of 162 patients over 15 years of age. Circulation 42: 9197.
  • Roberts WC, Ko JM. 2005. Frequency by decades of unicuspid, bicuspid, and tricuspid aortic valves in adults having isolated aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis, with or without associated aortic regurgitation. Circulation 111: 920925.
  • Roberts WC, Ko JM, Hamilton C. 2005. Comparison of valve structure, valve weight, and severity of the valve obstruction in 1849 patients having isolated aortic valve replacement for aortic valve stenosis (with or without associated aortic regurgitation) studied at 3 different medical centers in 2 different time periods. Circulation 112: 39193929.
  • Rosamond W, Flegal K, Furie K, Go A, Greenlund K, Haase N, Hailpern SM, Ho M, Howard V, Kissela B, Kittner S, Lloyd-Jones D, McDermott M, Meigs J, Moy C, Nichol G, O'Donnell C, Roger V, Sorlie P, Steinberger J, Thom T, Wilson M, Hong Y. 2008. Heart disease and stroke statistics—2008 update: A report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation 117: e25e146.
  • Sachdev V, Matura LA, Sidenko S, Ho VB, Arai AE, Rosing DR, Bondy CA. 2008. Aortic valve disease in Turner syndrome. J Am Coll Cardiol 51: 19041909.
  • Sybert VP. 1998. Cardiovascular malformations and complications in Turner syndrome. Pediatrics 101: E11.
  • Tzemos N, Therrien J, Yip J, Thanassoulis G, Tremblay S, Jamorski MT, Webb GD, Siu SC. 2008. Outcomes in adults with bicuspid aortic valves. JAMA 300: 13171325.
  • Ward C. 2000. Clinical significance of the bicuspid aortic valve. Heart 83: 8185.