How to Cite this Article: Akawi NA, Ali BR, Hamamy H, Al-Hadidy A, Al-Gazali L. 2011. Is autosomal recessive Silver–Russel syndrome a separate entity or is it part of the 3-M syndrome spectrum? Am J Med Genet Part A 155:1236–1245.
Article first published online: 5 MAY 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
Volume 155, Issue 6, pages 1236–1245, June 2011
How to Cite
Akawi, N. A., Ali, B. R., Hamamy, H., Al-Hadidy, A. and Al-Gazali, L. (2011), Is autosomal recessive Silver–Russel syndrome a separate entity or is it part of the 3-M syndrome spectrum?. Am. J. Med. Genet., 155: 1236–1245. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.34009
The authors would like to dedicate this article to the memory of the late Professor Ahmed Said Teebi. His pioneering work on genetic conditions in Arab populations enriched all those working in the field.
- Issue published online: 20 MAY 2011
- Article first published online: 5 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Received: 23 NOV 2010
- Dubai Harvard for Medical Research
- UAE University
- Silver–Russel syndrome;
- three M syndrome;
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is a nonspecific finding that occurs in approximately 0.17% of all live-births. However, IUGR can also be a significant feature of many recognized genetic syndromes including Silver–Russel syndrome (SRS), Three M syndrome (3-M), Dubowitz syndrome, and Mulibrey nanism. Differentiation of 3-M syndrome from autosomal recessive SRS has been difficult because of the phenotypic variability of the latter. Limb length asymmetry is seen in over half of those with autosomal recessive SRS, but not in individuals with 3-M syndrome. Characteristic radiologic findings of 3-M syndrome are not present in SRS. We used single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarrays to investigate the cause of phenotypic features of SRS that shows autosomal recessive inheritance in three consanguineous families, two from United Arab Emirates (UAE), and one from Jordan. The mapped regions contained CUL7 and OBSL1, the genes that have recently been shown to cause 3-M syndrome. Subsequently, direct DNA sequencing of CUL7 and OBSL1 genes revealed novel mutations in both genes including two mutations in OBSL1 [c.1119G>C (p.W373C) and c.681_682delinsTT (p.Q228X)], and a nonsense mutation in CUL7 [c.203G>A (p.W68X)]. In addition, a six nucleotide deletion in CUL7 [c.649_654delAGCCGC (p.217_218delSR)] was found in a consanguineous family from UAE that had the typical features of 3-M. As a result of these findings, we question the identity of the autosomal recessive SRS and suggest that all apparently recessive SRS families should be tested for mutations in CUL7 and OBSL1. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.