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Keywords:

  • hypogonadotropic hypogonadism;
  • microcephaly;
  • sensorineural hearing loss

Abstract

We present a newly recognized, likely autosomal recessive, pleiotropic disorder seen in four individuals (three siblings and their nephew) from a consanguineous family of Pakistani origin. The condition is characterized by hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, severe microcephaly, sensorineural deafness, moderate learning disability, and distinctive facial dysmorphic features. Autozygosity mapping using SNP array genotyping defined a single, large autozygous region of 13.1 Mb on chromosome 3p21 common to the affected individuals. The critical region contains 227 genes and initial sequence analysis of a functional candidate gene has not identified causative mutations. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.